The State Housing Incentives Partnership program is Florida’s nationally acclaimed model for using a dedicated revenue source to effectively and efficiently meet community housing needs. SHIP has a proven track record for performance, transparency and accountability.
Unfortunately, it also has a record of being swept into general revenue when the state faces a budget deficit. The good news is that Florida is not facing a budget deficit in 2014.
Individuals with disabilities are able to live independently in fully accessible homes. Families moved from rental to home ownership. Extremely low-income renters were lifted out of substandard and unsafe housing conditions into redeveloped and energy-efficient apartments.
These are among thousands of SHIP successes. But most SHIP success stories are from long ago. It has been years since the programs have been adequately funded to meet community needs.
SHIP assistance spans from preventing homelessness to providing home ownership. It can help with foreclosure recovery, emergency repairs and disaster recovery.
For more than 20 years, the SHIP program has been used for all of the above, providing a safety net for our most vulnerable populations, including the elderly and youths aging out of foster care, and saving taxpayer money by avoiding unnecessary use of government institutions.
Topping off the exemplary performance record of the SHIP program is its adherence to statutory mandates that require the funds to be encumbered and expended rapidly, without using more than 10 percent of the funds for administration. A three-year plan, typically informed by a local advisory group predominantly representing the interests of the private sector, is adopted by the local governing body after public hearings. The SHIP plan, which includes advisory committee recommendations for regulatory reform, is adopted pursuant to public hearings and approved by the state after determining that it complies with all statutory criteria for expenditure of funds and regulatory reform.
As the SHIP program is administered, the governing body is tracking the use of SHIP funds on a spreadsheet that has data fields for the “who, what, when, where and why” of every dollar spent. These reports are filed annually with the state and reviewed for compliance.
Accountability is further ensured through the use of private-sector compliance monitors engaged by the state to periodically inspect local SHIP offices.
In fiscal 2015, Florida will have about $291 million available for appropriation from the state and local housing trust funds. Seventy percent of those monies are for SHIP.
If the Florida Legislature appropriates the housing trust funds for housing, it will create more than 27,000 jobs and more than $3.4 billion in positive economic impact for Florida. Using housing trust fund monies for housing is supported by a diverse and wide range of interests, from industry groups — including the Florida Realtors and Florida Home Builders associations — to low-income advocates and faith-based organizations, such as the Florida AARP and Florida Catholic Conference.
If the housing trust funds are used for housing, SHIP success stories will no longer be a thing of the past, but of the present and future.
Jaimie Ross, affordable housing director at 1000 Friends of Florida and president of the Florida Housing Coalition, is a public interest lawyer who initiated the Sadowski Coalition in 1991. The Sadowski Coalition is a diverse collection of 25 statewide organizations, including industry, business, faith-based organizations, growth management and low-income advocates.